Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 100  Principles of Biology  3(3-0)  

Introduction to basic principles common to all facets of biology. Topics include a brief history of biology, the scientific method, the diversity of life, cell structure and reproduction, and metabolism. Corequisite: BIOL 100L. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 100L  Principles of Biology Lab  1(0-2)  

To expose the student to problem-solving skills emphasizing the importance of observation and data accumulation. Corequisite: BIOL 100. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 112  Nutrition  3(3-0)  

Analysis of personal dietary habits and behavior in relation to basic human nutritional needs and food composition. (F, S)

BIOL 121  Environmental Conservation  3(3-0)  

Historical review of humankind's interrelationship with and impact on the natural environment. Basic principles of ecology and current issues relating to the use of natural resources and environmental problems. Corequisite: BIOL 121L. (F, S, SS) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 121L  Environmental Conservation Lab  1(0-2)  

Field studies to accompany BIOL 121. Corequisite: BIOL 121. (F, S, SS) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 171  First Year Seminar  1(1-0)  

Biology majors entering the program are provided guidance on studying and skills specific to science. Biological career diversity and planning for degree completion are discussed. (F, S)

BIOL 181  College Biology I/Organismal Bio  3(3-0)  

Biological diversity and structure-function relationships, evolution and ecology. Prerequisite: Math placement at college algebra or higher. BIOL 100/100L is recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 181L. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 181L  College Biology I/Organismal Bio Lab  1(0-2)  

College Biology I/Organismal Bio Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 181. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 182  College Biology II/Cellular Biology  3(3-0)  

Continuation of BIOL 181. Basic cell structure and function, reproduction and heredity. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and CHEM 121 and 121L. Corequisite: BIOL 182L. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 182L  College Biology II/Cellular Bio Lab  1(0-2)  

College Biology II/Cellular Bio Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and CHEM 121 and 121L. Corequisite: BIOL 182. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 183  College Biology I Recitation  1(1-0)  

Critical thinking for College Biology I topics. Corequisite: BIOL 181. (F, S)

BIOL 184  College Biology II Recitation  1(1-0)  

Critical thinking for College Biology II topics. Corequisite: BIOL 182. (F, S)

BIOL 201  Botany  2(2-0)  

Forms, basic structures, relationships, life histories and evolutionary trends of representatives of the major autotrophic plant groups. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and BIOL 182 and 182L. Corequisite: BIOL 201L. (S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 201L  Botany Laboratory  2(0-4)  

Botany Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and BIOL 182 and 182L. Corequisite: BIOL 201. (S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 202  Zoology  2(2-0)  

Study of structure, function, evolution, biodiversity, behavior, and ecology of vertebrates and invertebrates, including protozoans and human parasites. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and181L and BIOL 182 and 182L. Corequisite: BIOL 202L. (F) (Gen Ed: ST)

BIOL 202L  Zoology Laboratory  2(0-4)  

Zoology Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and BIOL 182 and 182L. Corequisite: BIOL 202. (F) (Gen Ed: ST)

BIOL 203  Zoology Recitation  1(1-0)  

Recitation to accompany BIOL 202. Corequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. (F)

BIOL 206  Introduction to Microbiology  3(3-0)  

For students of nursing and allied health. Applied aspects of medical microbiology. Prerequisite: BIOL 100 and 100L or BIOL 223 and 223L; and CHEM 111 and 111L. Corequisite: BIOL 206L. (F)

BIOL 206L  Introduction to Microbiology Lab  1(0-3)  

Introduction to Microbiology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 206. (F)

BIOL 220  Medical Terminology  2(2-0)  

Basic prefixes, word roots, combining forms and suffixes of medical terminology and human anatomy are covered, including pronunciation and patient charting. (S)

BIOL 223  Human Physiology and Anatomy I  3(3-0)  

Study of human physiology and anatomy designed for students who require or desire a thorough understanding of the functional and structural aspects of the human body. Not for the majority of biology majors except Teacher Education. Topics include body orientation, physiologically important molecules, the cell, tissues, integument, skeleton, muscle, nervous system, and special senses. BIOL 100/100L and CHEM 111/111L are highly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 223L. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 223L  Human Physiology and Anatomy I Lab  1(0-2)  

Human Physiology and Anatomy I Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 223. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 224  Human Physiology and Anatomy II  3(3-0)  

Structure and function of the human body. Topics include endocrine systems, respiration, digestion, metabolism, excretion, fluid-electrolyte balance, cardiovascular and reproductive functions and special senses. Prerequisite: BIOL 223 and 223L. Corequisite: BIOL 224L. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC2)

BIOL 224L  Human Physiology and Anatomy II Lab  1(0-2)  

Human Physiology and Anatomy II Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 224. (F, S) (Gen Ed: ST, GT-SC1)

BIOL 291  Special Topics  (1-4 V)  

Special Topics. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 292  Research  (1-3 V)  

Faculty directed research project for undergraduate student. Prerequisite: Approval of department chair. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (3).

BIOL 294  Field Experience  (1-4 V)  

Volunteer work experience under program director, department coordinator and faculty supervisor. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 301  General Microbiology  3(3-0)  

Introduction to the bacteria and viruses, including microbial genetics and physiology. Prerequisite: BIOL 182 and 182L and CHEM 301 and 301L. CHEM 302 and 302L and MATH 221 are strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 301L. (F)

BIOL 301L  General Microbiology Lab  2(0-4)  

General Microbiology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 301. (F)

BIOL 302  Medical Microbiology  2(2-0)  

Survey of pathogenic bacteria, viruses and fungi. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 and 301L or BIOL 206 and 206L. Corequisite: BIOL 302L. (S, O)

BIOL 302L  Medical Microbiology Lab  2(0-4)  

Medical Microbiology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 301L or BIOL 206L. Corequisite: BIOL 302. (S, O)

BIOL 321  Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy  3(3-0)  

Comparative study of developmental and functional anatomy of vertebrate animals. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 321L. (S)

BIOL 321L  Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Lab  2(0-4)  

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 321. (S)

BIOL 350  Mendelian and Population Genetics  2(2-0)  

Survey of basic Mendelian genetics, genetic mapping and population genetics. Prerequisite: BIOL 182 and 182L and MATH 121. MATH 156 is strongly recommended. (F, S)

BIOL 351  Molecular Biology and Genetics  2(2-0)  

Study of the molecular flow of genetic information, gene regulation and cancer genetics. Prerequisite: BIOL 350 and CHEM 122 and 122L. (F, S)

BIOL 351L  Advanced Genetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory  2(0-4)  

Molecular biology investigations of gene regulation and recombinant DNA. Prerequisite: BIOL 350 and CHEM 122 and 122L. Corequisite: BIOL 351. (S)

BIOL 352  Evolutionary Biology and Ecology  3(3-0)  

Historical view of the theory of evolution with emphasis on the relationship between organisms and the environment, and the mechanisms and forces that produce evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and BIOL 182 and 182L. BIOL 350 recommended. (F, S)

BIOL 378  Laboratory in Teaching Biology  1(0-2)  

Laboratory preparation, safety, instruction and methods under the guidance and supervision on an instructor. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor. (F, S) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 392  Research  (1-3 V)  

Faculty directed research project for undergraduate student. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits, total. Prerequisite: Approval of department chair. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (3).

BIOL 394  Field Experience  (1-4 V)  

Volunteer work experience under program director, program coordinator, and faculty supervisor. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 402  Immunology  3(3-0)  

Humoral and cell-mediated immunity including immune disorders and theories of immunological techniques. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 and 301L. (S)

BIOL 403  Virology  3(3-0)  

Molecular aspects of viral infection of bacteria, plants, and animals including viral replication, host range, host defenses, antiviral drugs, and viral ecology. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 403L. (F, E)

BIOL 403L  Virology Lab  1(0-2)  

Virology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 403. (F, E)

BIOL 412  Cellular Biology  3(3-0)  

Structural and functional organization of the cell, life cycles of cells, intracellular digestion, protein synthesis and cell death. Prerequisite: CHEM 301 and 301L and BIOL 301 and 301L and BIOL 351. CHEM 302 and302L is strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 412L. (S)

BIOL 412L  Cellular Biology Lab  1(0-3)  

Cellular Biology Lab. Prerequisite: CHEM 301 and 301L and BIOL 301 and 301L, and BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 412. (S)

BIOL 413  Plant Physiology  2(2-0)  

Thorough examination of general physiology and function of plant body systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L and CHEM 301 and 301L. Corequisite: BIOL 413L. (S, O)

BIOL 413L  Plant Physiology Lab  2(0-4)  

Plant Physiology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L and CHEM 301 and 301L. Corequisite: BIOL 413. (S, O)

BIOL 414  Vertebrate Physiology  3(3-0)  

General physiology and the functions of animal and human body systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and CHEM 301 and 301L. CHEM 302 and 302L and MATH 156 are strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 414L. (F)

BIOL 414L  Vertebrate Physiology Lab  1(0-2)  

Vertebrate Physiology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 414. (F)

BIOL 421  Histology  2(2-0)  

A microscopic study of vertebrate tissues and organs. Prerequisite: BIOL 182 and 182L and CHEM 122 and 122L. Corequisite: BIOL 421L. (S, O)

BIOL 421L  Histology Lab  2(0-4)  

Histology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 421. (S, O)

BIOL 422  Neurobiology  3(3-0)  

Fundamentals of neuroscience, cellular and molecular signaling in the nervous system, electrophysiological properties of neurons, sensory and motor systems, and cellular mechanisms of cognition. Prerequisite: BIOL 351. (S, E)

BIOL 432  Developmental Biology  2(2-0)  

Theory and principles of the development of representative vertebrate and invertebrate animals, with particular emphasis on the frog, chick, and Drosophila. Prerequisite: BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 432L. (*)

BIOL 432L  Developmental Biology Lab  2(0-4)  

Developmental Biology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 432. (*)

BIOL 440  Advanced Biotechniques  2(2-0)  

Advanced laboratory-based class covering important cellular/molecular techniques and instruments. Topics include Flow cytometry, Advanced Microscopy, Molecular Cloning, CRISPR, Western Blots, and Quantitative PCR. Prerequisite: BIOL 351 and BIOL 301. Corequisite: BIOL 440L. (F, O)

BIOL 440L  Advanced Biotechniques Lab  2(0-2)  

Advanced laboratory-based class covering important cellular/molecular techniques and instruments. Topics include Flow cytometry, Advanced Microscopy, Molecular Cloning, CRISPR, Western Blots, and Quantitative PCR. Prerequisite: BIOL 351 and BIOL 301. Corequisite: BIOL 440. (F, O)

BIOL 441  Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology  2(2-0)  

Classification, phylogeny, systematics, morphology, physiology, and natural history of freshwater invertebrates inclusive of insects. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 441L. (S, O)

BIOL 441L  Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology Lab  2(0-4)  

Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 441. (S, O)

BIOL 443  Limnology  2(2-0)  

Biology, chemistry and physics of lakes and rivers. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L and BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 443L. (S, E)

BIOL 443L  Limnology Lab  2(0-4)  

Limnology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 443. (S, E)

BIOL 452  Advanced Microscopy  2(2-0)  

Theory and application of microscopy to the biological sciences. Includes preparation of cells and tissues for examination, scope, operation, and image analysis. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 and 301L or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 452L. (*)

BIOL 452L  Advanced Microscopy Lab  2(0-4)  

Advanced Microscopy Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 452. (*)

BIOL 453  Ecology  2(2-0)  

Interrelationships among organisms and their environment, employing quantitative methods and conceptual models. Prerequisite: BIOL 352 and MATH 221 or MATH 126. Corequisite: BIOL 453L. (F, E)

BIOL 453L  Ecology Field Studies  2(0-4)  

Ecology Field Studies. Corequisite: BIOL 453. (F, E)

BIOL 454  Behavioral Ecology  3(3-0)  

Evolution and adaptive significance of animal behaviors with a focus on current research. Prerequisite: BIOL 352 or permission of instructor. (F, O)

BIOL 461  Applied Geospatial Technology (GIS/GPS)  3(3-0)  

Theory and practice of using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for geographic data analysis, and to georeference data. (F, O)

BIOL 462  Environmental Policy & Management  3(3-0)  

Scientific basis of environmental regulations applied to air/water quality, solid waste, and hazardous waste; technologies and procedures used by generators to achieve compliance. Prerequisite: BIOL 352. (S, O)

BIOL 465  Environmental Toxicology  3(3-0)  

Basic principles of toxicology, interaction of xenobiotics with living organisms and the environment, and the impact of pollutants on the ecosystem. Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and 181L and BIOL 182 and 182L. CHEM 302 and 302L is strongly recommended. (F, E)

BIOL 473  Med. Tech. Clinical Rotation I  12(5-14)  

Coursework and clinical training in an affiliated medical laboratory sciences facility. Specific course of study determined by facility. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. (*)

BIOL 474  Med. Tech. Clinical Rotation II  12(5-14)  

Coursework and clinical training in an affiliated medical laboratory sciences facility. Specific course of study determined by facility. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. (*)

BIOL 475  Med. Tech. Clinical Rotation III  6(3-6)  

Coursework and clinical training in an affiliated medical laboratory sciences facility. Specific course of study determined by facility. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. (*)

BIOL 479  Ichthyology  2(2-0)  

The morphology, taxonomy and ecology of fishes; an introduction to fishery biology and aquaculture. Field trips are an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 479L. (F, O)

BIOL 479L  Ichthyology Laboratory  1(0-2)  

Ichthyology Laboratory. Corequisite: BIOL 479. (F, O)

BIOL 481  Entomology  2(2-0)  

Evolutionary biology and management of insects. Impact of arthropods on the balance of nature. Medical and veterinary entomology. Arthropods as vectors of human and animal diseases. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 481L. (F, O)

BIOL 481L  Entomology Lab  1(0-2)  

Entomology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 481. (F, O)

BIOL 482  Herpetology  2(2-0)  

Diversity, anatomy, physiology, evolution, and ecology of reptiles of amphibians. Emphasis will be placed on novel evolutionary adaptations within the major taxa. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 482L. (*)

BIOL 482L  Herpetology Lab  1(0-1)  

Herpetology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 482. (*)

BIOL 483  Mammalogy  2(2-0)  

Evolution, classification and biology of mammals; practice in identifying and preparing specimens. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 483L. (S, E)

BIOL 483L  Mammalogy Lab  1(0-2)  

Mammalogy Lab Corequisite: BIOL 483. (S, E)

BIOL 484  Ornithology  2(2-0)  

Classification, life history, laboratory and field identification of birds. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 484L. (S, O)

BIOL 484L  Ornithology Lab  1(0-2)  

Ornithology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 484. (S, O)

BIOL 485  Plant Taxonomy  2(2-0)  

Identification of the common vascular plant families of Colorado with an emphasis on the flowering plants; study of their systematic relationships. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L. Corequisite: BIOL 485L. (F)

BIOL 485L  Plant Taxonomy Lab  2(0-4)  

Plant Taxonomy Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 485. (F)

BIOL 486  Field Botany  3(3-0)  

Principles and applications of field techniques used in vegetation assessment, surveys, and vegetation monitoring. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L. (*)

BIOL 491  Special Topics  (1-4 V)  

Special Topics. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 492  Research  (1-3 V)  

Faculty directed research project for undergraduate student. Prerequisite: Approval of department chair. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (3).

BIOL 493  Seminar  1(1-0)  

Seminar for majors and minors concerning unique, current, or unusual topics in biology. Speakers may include guests, faculty, or students. Required of majors. Prerequisite: Senior standing and completion of all biology core courses. (F, S)

BIOL 494  Field Experience  (1-4 V)  

Volunteer work experience under program director, program coordinator and faculty supervisor. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 495  Independent Study  (1-4 V)  

Prerequisite: junior standing, biology major, permission of instructor and department. Prerequisite: Junior standing and biology major and permission of instructor and department. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 498  Internship  (5-15 V)  

Work experience in the Biology discipline under the combined supervision of the selected organization and a faculty member. Prerequisite: Permission of department chair. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 502  Immunology  3(3-0)  

Humoral and cell-mediated immunity including immune disorders and theories of immunological techniques. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 and 301L. (S)

BIOL 503  Virology  3(3-0)  

Molecular aspects of viral infection of bacteria, plants, and animals including viral replication, host range, host defenses, antiviral drugs, and viral ecology. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 503L. (F, E)

BIOL 503L  Virology Lab  1(0-2)  

Virology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 503. (F, E)

BIOL 510  Foundations in Graduate Studies  3(3-0)  

Laboratory safety. Effective sourcing, use, and interpretation of the literature. Scientific methodology, writing, and review of research ethics. Development of a thesis or internship plan. Prerequisite: Admission to MS program. (F)

BIOL 512  Cellular Biology  3(3-0)  

Structural and functional organization of the cell, life cycles of cells, intracellular digestion, protein synthesis and cell death. Prerequisite: CHEM 301 and301L and BIOL 301 and 301L, and BIOL 351. CHEM 302 and 302L is strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 512L. (S)

BIOL 512L  Cellular Biology Lab  1(0-3)  

Cellular Biology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 512. (S)

BIOL 513  Plant Physiology  2(2-0)  

Thorough examination of general physiology and function of plant body systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L and CHEM 301 and 301L. Corequisite: BIOL 513L. (S, O)

BIOL 513L  Plant Physiology Lab  2(0-4)  

Plant Physiology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L and CHEM 301 and 301L. Corequisite: BIOL 513. (S, O)

BIOL 514  Vertebrate Physiology  3(3-0)  

General physiology and the functions of animal and human body systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and CHEM 301 and 301L. CHEM 302 and 302L and MATH 156 are strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 514L. (F)

BIOL 514L  Vertebrate Physiology Lab  1(0-1)  

Vertebrate Physiology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and CHEM 301 and 301L. CHEM 302 and 302L and MATH 156 are strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 514. (F)

BIOL 521  Histology  2(2-0)  

A microscopic study of vertebrate tissues and organs. Prerequisite: BIOL 182 and 182L and CHEM 122 and 122L. Corequisite: BIOL 521L. (S, O)

BIOL 521L  Histology Lab  2(0-4)  

Histology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 521. (S, O)

BIOL 522  Neurobiology  3(3-0)  

Fundamentals of neuroscience, cellular and molecular signaling in the nervous system, electrophysiological properties of neurons, sensory and motor systems, and cellular mechanisms of cognition. Prerequisite: BIOL 351. (S, E)

BIOL 532  Developmental Biology  2(2-0)  

Theory and principles of the development of representative vertebrate and invertebrate animals, with particular emphasis on the frog, chick, and Drosophila. Prerequisite: BIOL 351. Corequisite: BIOL 532L. (*)

BIOL 532L  Developmental Biology Lab  2(0-4)  

Developmental Biology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 532. (*)

BIOL 540  Advanced Biotechniques  2(2-0)  

Advanced laboratory-based class covering important cellular/molecular techniques and instruments. Topics include Flow cytometry, Advanced Microscopy, Molecular Cloning, CRISPR, Western Blots, and Quantitative PCR. Prerequisite: BIOL 351 and BIOL 301. Corequisite: BIOL 540L. (F, O)

BIOL 540L  Advanced Biotechniques Lab  2(0-2)  

Advanced laboratory-based class covering important cellular/molecular techniques and instruments. Topics include Flow cytometry, Advanced Microscopy, Molecular Cloning, CRISPR, Western Blots, and Quantitative PCR. Prerequisite: BIOL 351 and BIOL 301. Corequisite: BIOL 540. (F, O)

BIOL 541  Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology  2(2-0)  

Classification, phylogeny, systematics, morphology, physiology, and natural history of freshwater invertebrates inclusive of insects. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 541L. (S, O)

BIOL 541L  Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology Lab  2(0-4)  

Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 541. (S, O)

BIOL 543  Limnology  2(2-0)  

Biology, chemistry, and physics of lakes and rivers. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L and BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 543L. (S, E)

BIOL 543L  Limnology Lab  2(0-4)  

Limnology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 543. (S, E)

BIOL 552  Advanced Microscopy  2(2-0)  

Theory and application of microscopy to the biological sciences. Includes preparation of cells and tissues for examination, scope operation, and image analysis. Corequisite: BIOL 552L. (*)

BIOL 552L  Advanced Microscopy Lab  2(0-4)  

Advanced Microscopy Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 552. (*)

BIOL 553  Ecology  2(2-0)  

Interrelationships among organisms and their environment, employing quantitative methods and conceptual models. Prerequisite: BIOL 352 and MATH 221. Corequisite: BIOL 553L. (F, E)

BIOL 553L  Ecology Field Studies  2(0-4)  

Ecology Field Studies. Corequisite: BIOL 553. (F, E)

BIOL 554  Behavioral Ecology  3(3-0)  

Evolution and adaptive significance of animal behaviors with a focus on current research. Prerequisite: BIOL 352 or permission of instructor. (F, O)

BIOL 561  Applied Geospatial Technology (GIS/GPS)  3(3-0)  

Theory and practice of using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for geographic data analysis, and to georeference data. (F, O)

BIOL 562  Environmental Policy & Management  3(3-0)  

Scientific basis of environmental regulations applied to air/water quality, solid waste, and hazardous waste; technologies and procedures used by generators to achieve compliance. Prerequisite: BIOL 352. Corequisite: NA. (S, O)

BIOL 565  Environmental Toxicology  3(3-0)  

Basic principles of toxicology, interaction of the xenobiotics with living organisms and the environment, and the impact of pollutants on the ecosystem. Prerequisite: BIOL 182 and 182L. CHEM 302 is strongly recommended. (F, E)

BIOL 578  Practicum in Laboratory Instruction  1(0-2)  

Laboratory preparation, instruction, and methods under the guidance and supervision of a professor. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of department chair. (F, S) Repeatable (4).

BIOL 579  Ichthyology  2(2-0)  

The morphology, taxonomy and ecology of fishes; an introduction to fishery biology and aquaculture. Field trips are an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 579L. (F, O)

BIOL 579L  Ichthyology Laboratory  1(0-2)  

Ichthyology Laboratory. Corequisite: BIOL 579. (F, O)

BIOL 581  Entomology  2(2-0)  

Evolutionary biology and management of insects. Impact of arthropods on the balance of nature. Medical and veterinary entomology. Arthropods as vectors of human and animal diseases. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 581L. (F, O)

BIOL 581L  Entomology Lab  1(0-2)  

Entomology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 581. (F, O)

BIOL 582  Herpetology  2(2-0)  

Diversity, anatomy, physiology, evolution, and ecology of reptiles of amphibians. Emphasis will be placed on novel evolutionary adaptations within the major taxa. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 582L. (*)

BIOL 582L  Herpetology Lab  1(0-1)  

Herpetology Lab. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 582. (*)

BIOL 583  Mammalogy  2(2-0)  

Evolution, classification and biology of mammals; practice in identifying and preparing specimens. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 583L. (S, E)

BIOL 583L  Mammalogy Lab  1(0-2)  

Mammalogy Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 583. (S, E)

BIOL 584  Ornithology  2(2-0)  

Classification, life history, laboratory and field identification of birds. Prerequisite: BIOL 202 and 202L. Corequisite: BIOL 584L. (S, O)

BIOL 584L  Ornithology Lab  1(0-2)  

Ornithology Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 584. (S, O)

BIOL 585  Plant Taxonomy  2(2-0)  

Identification of common vascular plant families of Colorado with an emphasis on the flowering plants; study of their systematic relationships. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and 201L. Corequisite: BIOL 585L. (F)

BIOL 585L  Plant Taxonomy Lab  2(0-4)  

Plant Taxonomy Lab. Corequisite: BIOL 585. (F)

BIOL 586  Field Botany  3(3-0)  

Principles and applications of field techniques used in vegetation assessment, surveys, and vegetation monitoring. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (*)

BIOL 588  Internship Seminar  1(1-0)  

Graduate internship presentation and examination for completion of MS degree option within the Graduate Programs in Natural Sciences. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (F, S, SS)

BIOL 589  Thesis Defense  1(1-0)  

Thesis presentation for completion of MS degree option within the Graduate Programs in Natural Sciences. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (F, S, SS)

BIOL 591  Special Topics  (1-4 V)  

Special Topics. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 592  Research  (1-6 V)  

Faculty directed research project for graduate students. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and approval of department chair or program director. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (99).

BIOL 593  Seminar  1(1-0)  

An interdisciplinary seminar on topics appropriate to the application of natural sciences. Prerequisite: BIOL 510. (*)

BIOL 595  Independent Study  (1-4 V)  

Prerequisite: graduate standing, biology major, permission of instructor and department. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and biology major and permission of instructor and department. (F, S, SS)

BIOL 598  Internship  (1-4 V)  

Volunteer or paid work experience under the combined supervision of the selected organization and a faculty member. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. (F, S, SS)

BIOL 599  Thesis Research  (1-6 V)  

Continued enrollment is dependent upon satisfactory progress in thesis work. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and approval of department chair. (F, S, SS) Repeatable (6).